Gut Health - Part 3
So we know gut health is important for our overall wellbeing and health, but how do we improve it?
Prebiotics affect the growth of beneficial microbes and facilitate synthesis of metabolites, such as short chain fatty acids, which hamper the growth of intestinal tumours and promote absorption of minerals in the host gut. Naturally occurring prebiotics are found in foods such as onion, garlic, asparagus and artichoke.
Probiotics are the live microorganisms that are advantageous for a healthy gut. They are used to improve or restore dysbiosis, gastrointestinal tract diseases, and antibiotic treatment-related symptoms. The main types are bifidobacterium and lactobacillus, but consult your health practitioner on the best doses for you.
The combination of both pre- and probiotics are called synbiotics, and are available as a supplement.
There are different types of fibre and each has differing, beneficial effects for the body. Good sources of fibre include legumes, oats, fruit and vegetable flesh, wholegrains, and brown rice. Start with a small, gradual increase in your fibre consumption and ensure you are drinking plenty of water.
The best bang for your back is including a wide variety of whole foods to promote a healthy, diverse microbiota!